Ethnologue:

Bahrain

601,000 (1995). State of Bahrain. Dawlat al-Bahrayn. Literacy rate 40% to 75%. Also includes Western Farsi 48,000 (1986), Korean, Kurmanji, Malayalam, Tamil, Telegu, Urdu 18,500 (1979), from the Philippines 22,000 (1995). Data accuracy estimate: B. Shi'a Muslim, Sunni Muslim, Christian, Hindu. Blind population 62. The number of languages listed for Bahrain is 3.

ARABIC, BAHARNA SPOKEN (BAHRAINI SHI'ITE ARABIC, BAHARNAH, BAHARNA) [AFH] 300,000 (1995). Also in Oman. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Speakers use Gulf Spoken Arabic as second language. Their dialect is stigmatized. Shi'a Muslim. Survey needed.

ARABIC, GULF SPOKEN (KHALIJI, GULF ARABIC) [AFB] 100,000 in Bahrain (1995); 40,000 in Iraq; 200,000 in Saudi Arabia; 500,000 in Kuwait; 200,000 in Iran; 744,000 in UAE; 103,000 in Qatar; 441,000 in Oman; 10,000 in Yemen; 2,440,000 in all countries (1995). Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Dialect: BAHRAINI GULF ARABIC. Sunni Muslim. Survey needed.

ARABIC, STANDARD (MODERN LITERARY ARABIC, FASIIH, HIGH ARABIC) [ABV] Middle East, North Africa. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Used for education, official purposes, books, newspapers. National language. Braille Scripture in progress. Bible 1984-1991. NT 1980-1982. Bible portions 1984.


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Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

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