601,000 (1995). State of Bahrain. Dawlat al-Bahrayn. Literacy rate 40% to 75%. Also includes Western Farsi 48,000 (1986), Korean, Kurmanji, Malayalam, Tamil, Telegu, Urdu 18,500 (1979), from the Philippines 22,000 (1995). Data accuracy estimate: B. Shi'a Muslim, Sunni Muslim, Christian, Hindu. Blind population 62. The number of languages listed for Bahrain is 3.

ARABIC, BAHARNA SPOKEN (BAHRAINI SHI'ITE ARABIC, BAHARNAH, BAHARNA) [AFH] 300,000 (1995). Also in Oman. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Speakers use Gulf Spoken Arabic as second language. Their dialect is stigmatized. Shi'a Muslim. Survey needed.

ARABIC, GULF SPOKEN (KHALIJI, GULF ARABIC) [AFB] 100,000 in Bahrain (1995); 40,000 in Iraq; 200,000 in Saudi Arabia; 500,000 in Kuwait; 200,000 in Iran; 744,000 in UAE; 103,000 in Qatar; 441,000 in Oman; 10,000 in Yemen; 2,440,000 in all countries (1995). Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Dialect: BAHRAINI GULF ARABIC. Sunni Muslim. Survey needed.

ARABIC, STANDARD (MODERN LITERARY ARABIC, FASIIH, HIGH ARABIC) [ABV] Middle East, North Africa. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Used for education, official purposes, books, newspapers. National language. Braille Scripture in progress. Bible 1984-1991. NT 1980-1982. Bible portions 1984.

External Links*

Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

If you have questions, comments, or updates on the Ethnologue, go to the Feedback page.

[Asia | Areas | Ethnologue Home | SIL Home]