Ethnologue:

Saudi Arabia

17,118,000 (1995). Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, al-Mamlaka al-<Arabiya as-Sa<udiya. Literacy rate 38%, 50% men. Also includes Egyptian Spoken Arabic 300,000 (1991), Sudanese Spoken Arabic, Bengali 15,000, Western Cham, Western Farsi 102,000, Indonesian 37,000, Kabardian, Korean 66,000, Urdu 382,000, Uyghur, Chinese 58,000, from India 120,000, from the Philippines 700,000 (1995), others from France, Italy, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan, United Kingdom, USA. Data accuracy estimate: B. Also includes Egyptian Spoken Arabic (increasing), Sudanese Spoken Arabic, Bengali 15,000, Western Cham, Western Farsi 102,000, Indonesian 37,000, Kabardian, Korean 66,000, Urdu 382,000, Uyghur, Chinese 58,000, from India 120,000, from the Philippines 700,000 (1995), others from France, Italy, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan, United Kingdom, USA. Sunni Muslim, Shi'a Muslim, Ismaili, Christian. Blind population 140,000. The number of languages listed for Saudi Arabia is 5.

ARABIC, GULF SPOKEN (GULF SPOKEN) [AFB] 200,000 in Saudi Arabia; 40,000 in Iraq; 500,000 in Kuwait; 200,000 in Iran; 744,000 in UAE; 100,000 in Bahrain; 103,000 in Qatar; 441,000 in Oman; 10,000 in Yemen; 2,440,000 in all countries (1995). Northern and southern Eastern Province. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Dialect: AL-HASAA. Survey needed.

ARABIC, HIJAZI SPOKEN (HIJAZI, WEST ARABIAN COLLOQUIAL ARABIC) [ACW] 6,000,000 (1996). Red Sea coast and adjacent highlands. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Dialects: NORTH HIJAZI, SOUTH HIJAZI, VALLEY TIHAAMAH, COASTAL TIHAAMAH. North Hijazi has 4 subdialects, South Hijazi 16. Survey needed.

ARABIC, NAJDI SPOKEN [ARS] 8,000,000 in Saudi Arabia; 500,000 in Syria; 900,000 in Iraq; 50,000 in Jordan; 200,000 in Kuwait; 193,520 in USA (1970 census); 28,550 in Canada (1971 census); 9,700,000 in all countries. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Dialects: NORTH NAJDI (SHAMMARI, BANI KHAALID, DAFIIR), CENTRAL NAJDI (RWALA, HAAYIL, AL-QASIIM, SUDAIR, RIYADH, HOFUF, BIISHAH, NAJRAAN, WILD <ALI, <AWAAZIM, RASHAAYDA, MUTAIR, <UTAIBA, <AJMAAN), SOUTH ANJDI (AAL MURRAH, NAJRAN). Some dialects are spoken by Bedouins. Typology: SVO. Muslim. Survey needed.

ARABIC, STANDARD (HIGH ARABIC, AL FUS-HA, AL ARABIYA) [ABV] Estimated in all countries first language speakers of all Arabic varieties 202,000,000 (1991 WA). Middle east, north Africa, other Muslim countries. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Dialects: MODERN STANDARD ARABIC (MODERN LITERARY ARABIC), CLASSICAL ARABIC (KORANIC ARABIC, QURANIC ARABIC). Not a mother tongue, but taught in schools. Used for education, official purposes, written materials, and formal speeches. Classical Arabic is used for religion and ceremonial purposes, having archaic vocabulary. Modern Standard Arabic is a modernized variety of Classical Arabic. In most Arab countries only the well educated have adequate proficiency in Standard Arabic, while over 100,500,000 do not. National language. Braille Bible. Braille Scripture in progress. Bible 1984-1991. NT 1980-1982. Bible portions 1984.

SAUDI ARABIAN SIGN LANGUAGE [SDL] Deaf sign language. Survey needed.


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Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright © 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

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