Ethnologue:

United Arab Emirates

2,176,000 (1995). Ittihad al-Imarat al-Arabiyah. Formerly called Trucial States. Literacy rate 68% to 73%. Also includes Egyptian Spoken Arabic 100,000 or more (1991), Omani Spoken Arabic 80,000 (1996), Danish 156, Dutch 785, English 100, French 250, German 1,300, Greek 00, Italian 400, Japanese 1,300, Malay, Norwegian 200, Western Pashto, Polish 100, Serbo-Croatian 100, Sinhala 25,000, Swahili, Swedish 113, Turkish 750, Chinese 100, from India including Telugu 120,000, from the Philippines 80,000 (1995), and temporary residents from other countries, Data accuracy estimate: A2. Also includes Egyptian Spoken Arabic 100,000 or more (1991), Omani Spoken Arabic 240,000 (1991), Danish 156, Dutch 785, English 100, French 250, German 1,300, Greek 100, Italian 400, Japanese 1,300, Malay, Norwegian 200, Western Pashto, Polish 100, Serbo-Croatian 100, Sinhala 25,000, Swahili, Swedish 113, Turkish 750, Chinese 100, from India including Telugu 120,000, from the Philippines 80,000 (1995), and temporary residents from other countries. Sunni Muslim, Shi'a Muslim, Christian, Hindu, Buddhist, secular. The number of languages listed for United Arab Emirates is 8.

ARABIC, GULF SPOKEN (KHALIJI, GULF ARABIC) [AFB] 744,000 in United Arab Emirates; 40,000 in Iraq; 200,000 in Saudi Arabia; 500,000 in Kuwait; 200,000 in Iran, 100,000 in Bahrain; 103,000 in Qatar; 441,000 in Oman; 10,000 in Yemen; 2,40,000 in all countries (1995). Gulf Bedu or village peoples. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Government officials, oil administration, business leaders, military, police, university professors, sports coaches. Muslim. Survey needed.

ARABIC, SHIHHI SPOKEN (SHIHHI, SHIHU, SHIHUH, AL-SHIHUH) [SSH] 5,000 in United Arab Emirates (1995); 10,000 in Oman (1995); 15,000 in all countries. In the Musandam Peninsula in UAE and Oman. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Influenced by Farsi. Not a written language. Most Shihuh speak Shihhi, but the Kumazirah subdivision of Shihuh, like the Dhahuriyin tribe, speak Kumzari. Some may be literate in Arabic. 'Shihuh' is the name of the people. Muslim. Survey needed.

ARABIC, STANDARD [ABV] Middle East, North Africa. Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Used for education, official purposes, books, newspapers, formal speeches. National language. Braille Scripture in progress. Bible 1984-1991. NT 1980-1982. Bible portions 1974.

BALOCHI, SOUTHERN (BALUCHI, BALUCI, BALOCI) [BCC] 100,000 in United Arab Emirates; 405,000 in Iran; 130,000 in Oman (1995); 2,350,000 in Pakistan (1996); 2,985,300 in all countries. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Baluchi. Dialect: MAKRANI (LOTUNI). Speakers come from Oman, Iran, and Pakistan. Unskilled laborers, police, military. Sunni Muslim. Bible portions 1992-1994. Work in progress.

FARSI, WESTERN (PERSIAN) [PES] 80,000 or 4.9% of population in United Arab Emirates (1986); 26,523,000 in all countries. Also in Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, USA, Canada. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian. Merchants, traders. Muslim. Braille code available. Bible 1838-1995. NT 1815-1979. Bible portions 1546-1965.

PASHTO, EASTERN (PUSTO, PASHTU, PASSTOO, PAKHTOO, PUSHTO) [PBU] 100,000 in United Arab Emirates (1986); 9,585,000 in Pakistan (1993 estimate). Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Southeastern, Pashto. Modified Urdu script in use. People called Pathans. Yusufzai is the literary dialect. Speakers have come from Pakistan. Unskilled laborers, drivers. Muslim. Bible 1895. NT 1818-1991. Bible portions 1824-1989.

PASHTO, WESTERN (PAKTU, PAKHTU, AFGHAN, PASSTOO, PAKHTOO, PUSHTO, PASHTU, PUSHTU) [PBT] Thousands in United Arab Emirates; 8,054,000 in all countries. Primarily in Afghanistan. Also in Iran and Tajikistan. Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Southeastern, Pashto. Speakers have come from Afghanistan. Unskilled laborers, drivers, shopkeepers. Mainly Sunni Muslim. Survey needed.

SOMALI (ISSA) [SOM] 100,000 in United Arab Emirates (1993); 181,420 in Djibouti (1996); 2,050,000 in Ethiopia (1993); 312,339 in Kenya (1989); 5,400,000 in Somalia (1991); 290,000 in Yemen; 8,334,000 in all countries. Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, East, Somali. Military, police, post office and telephone workers. Muslim. Bible 1979. NT 1972-1976. Bible portions 1915-1935.


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Part of the Ethnologue, 13th Edition, Barbara F. Grimes, Editor.
Copyright 1996, Summer Institute of Linguistics, Inc. All rights reserved.

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