Peoples Definition Models

 

Definition Model Name

Primary Distinctive

Secondary Distinctives

Pattern

Model Comments

Linguistic (A)

Language Only (1)

Not Applicable

A-1-0

   Only Peoples distinctive is Language, no other distinctives acknowledged in defining a people.

   Peoples list = Language list

   Approximately 75% of JPII Peoples list follows this pattern. Papua New Guinea being exemplary.

   This particular pattern probably covers most all peoples outside of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Somalia and parts of China.

 

 

 

 

 

Ethno-Linguistic (B)

Language (1)

Religion (2)

B-1-2

   Primary distinctive is Language.

   Secondary distinctives determining People Groups are Religion, Caste, Location, or others, to the extent that such differences constitute significant barriers to relationships or communication within a larger grouping.

   Allows for multiple peoples speaking the same language but peoples are unique because of some factor other than language i.e. the secondary distinctives.

   Allows for instances of one people speaking multiple languages, but there is still one primary language spoken by all individuals in the group.

 

Caste (3)

B-1-3

Location (4)

B-1-4

 

 

 

 

 

Extended Ethno-Linguistic

 

[sometimes called Ethno-Cultural] (C)

Language (1)

Religion (2)

C-1-2

   Initial distinctive can be any of Language, Religion, Caste, or Location

 

   Secondary distinctives can also be any of Language, Religion, Caste or Location.

 

   Does not include social, economic, generational or occupational distinctives

 

   NOTE: C-1 and B-1 Patterns are the same e.g.
C-1-2 = B-1-2, C-1-3 = B-1-3, C-1-4 = B-1-4
where Language is primary distinctive. This means that the Extended Ethno-Cultural model fully encompasses the traditional Ethno-Linguistic model.

 

   Permits one people to speak multiple languages if some distinctive other than language is the primary distinctive. Not necessarily one primary language spoke by all individuals in the group.

 

Caste (3)

C-1-3

Location (4)

C-1-4

Religion (2)

Language (1)

C-2-1

Caste (3)

C-2-3

Location (4)

C-2-4

Caste (3)

Language (1)

C-3-1

Religion (2)

C-3-2

Location (4)

C-3-4

Location (4)

Language (1)

C-4-1

Religion (2)

C-4-2

Caste (3)

C-4-3

Compiled by Dan Scribner, Joshua Project II, 5 March 2002